Xi Jinping: biography
Xi Jinping is the President of the People's Republic of China (PRC), a talented politician and a person whom everyone calls China's "paramount leader." The latter fact perfectly demonstrates the respect with which ordinary citizens treat their leader. This is no accident - Xi Jinping is famous for intolerance of corruption and a progressive view of government.
Childhood and youth
Xi Jinping's biography originates from the ancient people of China called the Khans. The future politician was born in Beijing in June 1953. Different sources name different date of the politician's birthday. According to one source, it is on June 1, to another — the 15th. In China, it is customary to specify only the month and year of birth.
Xi Jinping's father, Xi Zhongxun, was a member of the inner circle of Mao Zedong, the ruler of China, until the 1960s. Thanks to his father's post, Xi Jinping's childhood was cloudless, but in 1962, the situation changed dramatically. Xi Zhongxun was exiled to Luoyang, Henan, accused of treason. The boy was sent to another place — Liangjiahe Village, Wen'anyi Town, Yanchuan County, so that he did not inherit seditious thoughts from his father.
The years spent in exile became the most difficult in the life of Xi Jinping. The boy lived starving, spent the night in a cave, and was forced to work hard to make both ends meet.
This torture lasted for seven years and hardened the will of the future politician, forming further Communist ideas. There was no one besides Xi Jinping who could understand the fate of the ordinary people, who in those years, like Xi Jinping himself, lived from hand to mouth.
In 1975, Xi Jinping entered Tsinghua University, which is considered the most prestigious in China. The young man majored in chemical engineering. However, Xi Jinping did not have a chance to work in this sphere.
Xi Jinping's political path began in 1974 when the young man was accepted into the ranks of the Communist Party. The young man proved to be excellent, and a career in politics quickly went up the hill. In 1982, Xi Jinping joined the Communist Party of China, and after a while was transferred to Zhengding and took the post of deputy party secretary of Zhengding County.
Xi Jinping also showed excellent results there. He was able to improve the tourism potential of Zhengding and to attract tourists. The result was an improvement in the financial situation of Hebei province.
During the following years, the politician regularly changed the sphere of activity. Xi Jinping worked as Vice-mayor of Xiamen, Secretary of the Fuzhou City Committee and Secretary of the Fujian Party Committee. In 2000, Xi Jinping was elected Governor of Fujian. The reign of Xi Jinping is considered to be the heyday of the province: the policy managed to attract investments of serious Chinese businesspeople in the region.
Two years later, Xi Jinping joined the party's Central Committee and was appointed Governor of Zhejiang province. In those years, the politician established himself as an irreconcilable fighter against corruption, and with that, he earned the trust and respect of the people.
China remembered 2006 with a big scandal: Chen Liangyu, Secretary of the Shanghai Party Committee, was convicted of misuse of the Social Security Fund. Chen Liangyu's post passed to Xi Jinping, who once again lived up to the trust.
A year later, the 17th Congress of the Communist Party of China was held, at which Xi Jinping was appointed a member of The Standing Committee of the Politburo. A year later, in 2008, Xi Jinping was appointed Deputy Chairman of the people's Republic of China.
It seemed that power could not spoil Xi Jinping. Even though the politician was entrusted with many essential tasks (preparation of the 2008 Olympics, the leadership of the Central Party School, visits to foreign countries, preparation of reports and speeches), Xi Jinping remained faithful to the principles of integrity.
Such brilliant success could not go unnoticed: in 2012, at the next Congress of the Central Committee, Xi Jinping was elected Secretary-General of the Communist Party.
The new leader of China began his reign with a bright speech, in which he formulated the principles of the so-called Chinese dream — goals that he planned to realize in the coming years. Thus, by 2021, China plans to achieve universal average prosperity, and by 2049, China should enter the list of advanced countries.
At first, such global plans caused skeptical smiles among foreign politicians, and even among Xi Jinping's colleagues, but time showed that the Chinese leader seriously intended to achieve his goals.
During the reign of Xi Jinping, he managed to carry out many reforms. Thus, the politician initiated the creation of reception rooms of deputies, as well as websites of governing structures. China's banking structure has also changed: under Xi Jinping, it became possible to create private banks, a transparent scheme of deposit insurance, and free trade zones.
The social sphere has also undergone improvements under the initiative of the Secretary-General of China. Xi Jinping paid much attention to the programs of resettlement of rural residents in the city. In addition to housing, the politician provided people with medical care and social security payments. Xi Jinping greatly facilitated the lives of disabled people, orphans, and other people in a difficult situation by providing them with benefits and targeted payments.
Xi Jinping also takes credit for allowing some families to have more than one child. It is worth recalling that earlier in China, couples were allowed to have only one child, which, due to several traditions and beliefs, led to the fact that illiterate villagers killed newborn girls. Urban women tried to find out the gender of the baby in advance and to get rid of female babies.
Now, thanks to the efforts of the Chinese leader, families can have two children if one of the spouses is an only child in the family.
Besides, Xi Jinping opened access to foreign investments in the field of culture, medicine, construction — areas previously closed for interaction with foreign businesspeople.
The Secretary-General also put a lot of time and effort into the creation of protected areas. Now China is rightfully ranked first in the list of countries with developed inner tourism. The people of China love to travel. In China, a trip to exciting places in their own country is considered no less prestigious than a trip abroad.
Such changes made a positive impact on China's economy and the standard of living of its citizens. Xi Jinping became known as one of the most talented world leaders. The politician himself does not make a secret of his approaches to governing the country. In 2014, Xi Jinping published his book, in which he described in detail the ideals to which every head of state should strive.
Charismatic and tall (Xi Jinping is 5 feet 90 inches tall) – the politician has always been interested in women. Xi Jinping's first wife was the daughter of the Chinese Ambassador to Great Britain, Ke Lingling. Unfortunately, this marriage lasted only three years: the couple divorced because of misunderstandings and disagreements.
In 1987, the politician remarried. This time, the loved one of Xi Jinping was the beautiful Peng Liyuan, a famous singer in China, who mostly performs military songs. It is noteworthy that the wife of the Chinese leader holds the rank of Major General. It is known that because of the tight tour schedule of Peng Liyuan, the two people often live separately.
In 1992, the wife gave Xi Jinping, a daughter who was named Xi Mingze. In 2010, the girl entered Harvard University, where she studied under a fake name in order not to reveal her origin and not to attract excessive attention of fellow students.
Xi Jinping prefers to spend his free time reading books or traveling. The politician is also interested in football and mountain tourism.
Xi Jinping now
Xi Jinping has an estimated net worth of $1.51 billion. In autumn 2017, photos of Xi Jinping appeared on the first pages of news publications around the world. The politician was once again re-elected to the post. Vladimir Putin, Donald Trump, as well as leaders of other countries considered it their duty to congratulate the Chinese leader on this event.
Xi Jinping, in turn, noted that he still intends to maintain mutually beneficial relations with European countries and the United States. Besides, during the last BRICS summit, the politician announced his intention to support cooperation in the field of security.
In China, Xi Jinping plans to continue the systematic movement towards the cherished Chinese dream.
- 2014 - Order of José Martí
- 2015 - Nishan-e-Pakistan
- 2017 - Grand Collar of the State of Palestine
- 2017 - Knight of the Order of Saint Andrew